Only the blind would refuse to acknowledge that Abu Ghraib is the tip of an iceberg of racist attitudes towards Muslim Arabs in the Western world. Robert Fisk recently asked "since when did Arab become a dirty word?," and undoubtedly knows the answer: at least for a century, if not longer.
But is torture restricted to Arabs and, more generally, to persons of color? In Juan Cole's column today and elsewhere Ken Pope has written eloquently about the depressing psychology of torture and how little we can do about it other than vastly transforming institutions and policy.
Where do we start?